Changing The Length Of A DNA Strand By Evolution/Accidents Is Impossible

Meaning One Species Cannot "Evolve" Into Another Species

This article is one of the most important articles on this website as it deals with the heart and soul of the theory of evolution: the claim that one species can "evolve" into a new and improved species. This claim has been made since the days of Darwin and is still the heart and soul of the theory of evolution.

But with the discovery of DNA in 1953, this claim needs to be re-evaluated!!!

With the discovery of DNA, the entire foundation of the theory of evolution has become the claim that the DNA of one species can accidently be changed into the DNA of a new and improved species!!! For example, it might be claimed that humans "evolved" from bonobos, apes or chimpanzees, etc. This article will assume that humans evolved from bonobos, but it doesn't really matter which primate you pick, the concepts are exactly the same.

The "evolution" of bonobos into humans must involve changing the DNA of a bonobo into the DNA of a human (both male and female in the same timeframe and location). This would include changing the algorithms on DNA that control the cell divisions from a single fertilized egg into a baby.

And if we consider human evolution all the way back to the "first living cell," there would likely be more than a million intermediate species between the first living cell and human DNA!!! So the atheists/evolutionists must claim that it is very, very easy for "accidents" to change the DNA of one species into the DNA of a new and improved species.

Every animal, from a mouse to a human being, is created by a single fertilized egg (with a single DNA strand) followed by millions or billions of cell divisions. Thus, to claim that one animal can "evolve" into another animal is EXACTLY THE SAME as saying that one DNA strand can easily be changed into a longer and more sophisticated DNA strand including improving the "computer programs" on DNA that control cell divisions to create a new baby from a single fertilized egg via millions or billions of cell divisions!!!

Well, that is not always true because the length of a DNA strand does not necessarily equate to the complexity of the species it creates via cell divisions. But for the purposes of this article, the exceptions to the general rules will be ignored.

This means that the general rule of evolution is that humans "evolved" from a long sequence of less sophisticated animals (with assumedly much shorter DNA but certainly less sophisticated DNA) into the massively sophisticated DNA of humans today, which are 3.2 billion nucleotide-pairs long!!

In other words, DNA gradually got longer and longer and more and more sophisticated as time went on!!!

For example, let us think about human DNA, which is not the longest DNA but it is the most sophisticated DNA because it creates the human brain. Let us borrow some concepts from the home page (the home page as I write this).

Quote:

The human DNA strand, which is inside the fertilized egg of a new human mother, contains 3.2 billion nucleotides (A, C, G, or T) , which is a computer program that is so sophisticated that a single cell, with a single DNA strand (the DNA strand is seven feet long but it is coiled up to fit inside of a cell that cannot be seen with the naked eye), namely the fertilized egg inside of a mother-to-be, has the intelligence on the DNA to create an entire human baby, via 30 billion cell divisions, who has 30 billion cells and 60,000 miles of blood vessels, etc.

The 60,000 miles of blood vessels in this newborn baby would wrap around the earth at the equator twice, with 10,000 miles of blood vessels left over!!

When the baby is born he or she will have an incredible brain which is connected to a massive nervous system, a skull to protect the brain, a spine to protect the spinal cord (the spinal cord is a cylindrical bundle of nerve fibers), two eyes which are connected to the nervous system, a beating heart, a liver, a pancreas, 300 bones (which eventually fuse into 206 bones), etc. etc.!!

End quote.

What all of this means is that human DNA, because it is by far the most sophisticated computer program on this planet, is claimed to have "evolved" from the DNA of a sequence of far less sophisticated species, from the "first living cell" to the far less sophisticated DNA of the bonobo.

So "evolution" not only has to deal with gradually increasing the length of DNA (in most cases), but it also must deal with gradually increasing the sophistication/intelligence of the algorithms on DNA which control cell divisions (i.e. as animals over time became more and more sophisticated and intelligent). But the intelligence concept will not be the focus of this article, I mention it in passing.

This article discusses one of the major, major problems with the theory of evolution: in order for humans to have evolved from a first living cell, in hundreds of thousands of cases (counting all of the species from the first living cell to human DNA), DNA had to become more and more sophisticated (to create a more and more sophisticated species) and the DNA would have gotten longer and longer in most cases.

But as this article will demonstrate, accidents (i.e. evolution) cannot change the length of a DNA strand. In other words, the length of any DNA strand cannot be increased or even decreased by humans or by accidents - period!!!

The entire theory of evolution falls apart because of one key concept: if a DNA strand is "cut" (which would be necessary for a DNA strand to be changed) the DNA strand cannot be put back together because there is nothing inside of cells that can intelligently (or stupidly) put a broken DNA strand back together!!!

In other words, if evolution is true then the physical structure of DNA must be changed, meaning a DNA strand must be able to be made shorter or longer. With the discovery of DNA this concept became the central claim of the theory of evolution!!! But this article completely negates this claim!!!


An Example Of What I Am Talking About

For example, let us assume that male and female Bonobos existed long before humans existed. The atheists might claim that the DNA of a male and female Bonobo (or any other primate you want to think of) were CHANGED into human male DNA and human female DNA. This means they claim that humans "evolved" from the bonobo species.

It also means that a bonobo mother gave birth to a male human baby and the same bonobo mother (or a different bonobo mother) gave birth to a female human baby. But remember this did not happen at one time, it would have taken a long sequence of intermediate "species" which had both males and females.

However, the first male human (which came from a bonobo mother) and the first female human baby (which came from the same or a different bonobo mother), had to exist in the same latitude, longitude and very short timeframe, so the new male and female human could mate with each other!!!

But there is more. In nature the bonobo couple might have killed their funny-looking, "defective" (defective from their prespective) human babies!!! But we will assume they do not kill either of them (remember two different bonobo couples may be involved so if either couple killed their human baby there would be no humans).

Whether a person thinks that we evolved directly from a Bonobo or from an ape or from an orangutan makes no difference, we are talking about general concepts here.

So how does the DNA of a bonobo (or any other primate you want to think of) CHANGE into the DNA of a human being (which is where we need to get if evolution and accidents are true)?? Remember, Darwin knew nothing about DNA.

For this exercise, we will assume the DNA of a human is significantly longer than the DNA of a bonobo. It probably is, but it doesn't matter for this discussion.

Also remember that every new animal species requires four DNA strands:
1) change the DNA in at least one of the father's male sperm cells,
2) change the DNA in at least one of the father's female sperm cells,
3) change the DNA in at least one of the gender-neutral DNA in the mother's ovum (to be fertilized by a male's male sperm cell),
4) change the DNA in at least one of the gender-neutral DNA in the mother's ovum (to be fertilized by a male's female sperm cell)

Note that the two male sperm cells could have come from two different males. Ditto for the two famale ovums.

Everything in this section applies to all four DNA strands which must be created in the same latitude, longitude and timeframe!!!

And this is critical to understand. we are talking about at least thousands of generations to create the human babies.

In almost every one of the thousands of intermediate generations of partly bonobo/partly "human" male and female babies must find each other and mate!!!

So latitide, longitude and "timing" (i.e. in each generation) and sequence of "errors" to create humans must be synchronized in every generation so mating will result in offspring. In other words, the two DNA strands of the mother and the two DNA strands of the father must always align with each other as bonobos are "evolving" into humans.

In short, the blind, deaf and dumb accidents/mistakes of evolution (which accidentaly turn out to be improvements), between four evolving human DNA strands, must be perfectly synchronized as each intermediate species "evolves" into a new and improved species (i.e. humans).

Why do I talk about intermediate species?? Because there are millions of differences between bonobo DNA and human DNA and all of these changes could not happen in one generation. But in every generation the four evolving human DNA strands must align with each other.


The Physical Problems Begin

So what physical problems does evolution have when converting bonobo DNA into human DNA???

The problem is that the DNA of a Bonobo (as one example) cannot "evolve" into human DNA because the interior of a DNA strand cannot be physically changed, nor can DNA be added at the end-points of a DNA strand!!!

Well, bonobo DNA (or the DNA of any other species) cannot be physically changed in any way (except that the endpoints can be deleted) while the DNA is inside of a cell!!

While we frequently talk about the statistical problems with DNA, we are now adding the physical problems associated with changing one DNA strand into a new and improved DNA strand.

Here are the two key reasons why the DNA of one species (i.e. bonobo) cannot be changed into the DNA of a new and improved species (i.e. humans):

1) It is physically impossible for the DNA of one species to be made longer than what it normally is!!! This would require adding new DNA segments to the original DNA strand either in the interior of the existing DNA strand or at the endpoints of the original DNA strand.

2) It is physically impossible to extract existing sections of DNA from the interior of a DNA strand, however, it is possible to delete sections of DNA at the end of a DNA strand.

Both of these options would be needed millions of times to convert bonobo DNA into human DNA. In fact, THE MILLIONS OF CHANGES TO THE BONOBO DNA WOULD BE NEEDED ON ALL 3 BONOBO DNA STRANDS to create the three human DNA strands from three bonono DNA strands!!!!

Because all of these changes need to be spread out over more than a million generations, between bonobo and humans, each generation of changes must have exactly the same changes!!!

In short, many, many generations must be involved. And every time there is a change to one bonobo DNA strand, this same change must be made in the same generation to all three DNA strands so that at all times the DNA of the three bonobo DNA strands will align. Eventually, the three bonobo DNA strands would become three human DNA stands.

Of course, these claims are nonsense. It cannot statistically or physically happen!!

So let us talk about why DNA cannot be changed in the interior of the DNA strand, nor can a DNA strand be added to either endpoint of an existing DNA strand.


Why A DNA Segment Cannot Be Changed

There are four categories of changing a DNA strand:
1) Inserting (i.e. adding) a section of DNA in the interior of a DNA strand,
2) Deleting a section of DNA in the interior of the DNA strand (deletions at the end of a DNA strand will not be considered),
3) Changing nucleotides (this is a case of deleting a set of nucleotides and replacing this set so it will not be considered by itself),
4) Moving a segment of DNA (this includes both deleting and inserting a DNA strand so it will not be considered by itself)

We will mainly be concerned with inserting a segment of DNA in the interior of a DNA strand (#1) and deleting a segment of DNA in the interior of a DNA strand (#2). Changing and moving blocks of DNA would require both deleting and inserting so it will not be considered. Nor will the endpoints be considered.

Millions of changes would be necessary on ALL THREE bonobo DNA strands as the THREE NEW human DNA strands are being created. And all categories above would be involved on all three bonobo DNA strands.

And exactly the same changes must be made on all three bonobo DNA strands in every generation where changes are made.

We could stop and this point and consider the theory of evolution to be statistically insane!!!!!! But we will not stop because there are some key concepts yet to be discussed.

Think of DNA as a long, twisted ladder. The sides of the ladder would be equivalent to the "rails" of a DNA strand. The two rails on a DNA strand hold the nucleotides in place.

I can tell you why it is impossible for these changes to DNA to be made in one word: "rails." Any time a "rail" is cut THERE IS NOTHING INSIDE OF A CELL THAT CAN RECONNECT THE RAILS ON THE DNA STRAND!!!! OK, that is how the story ends.

Let me repeat that paragraph because it is the single most important reason the theory of evolution cannot be true:

I can tell you why it is impossible for these changes to DNA to be made in one word: "rails." Any time a "rail" is cut THERE IS NOTHING INSIDE OF A CELL THAT CAN RECONNECT THE RAILS ON THE DNA STRAND!!!! OK, that is how the story ends.

Could a ladder be made longer (or shorter) without changing the length of the side rails of the ladder and could a DNA strand be made longer (or shorter) without the rails of the DNA strand being reconnected after the cuts?? No!!

And DNA cannot be made longer or shorter (to create a new species) unless the "rails" are made longer or shorter. Actually, the changes to a bonobo DNA strand, to create human DNA, would require more than a MILLION changes - including more than a million new sections of DNA and more than a million existing bonobo DNA sections being cut out or moved.

Could new sections of bonobo DNA be added or deleted without reconnecting both rails?? No!!

The problem with evolution is that while the rails can be broken, the rails cannot be physically put back together, nor can new sections be added to the ends of a DNA strand.

Let me say it another way: THERE IS NOTHING INSIDE OF A CELL THAT CAN MAKE THE RAILS OF DNA PHYSICALLY LONGER (OR SHORTER) IN THE INTERIOR OF A DNA STRAND!!! NOR CAN NEW SECTIONS OF DNA BE ADDED TO THE END OF A DNA STRAND!!!

THIS MEANS A DNA STRAND CANNOT BE REPROGRAMMED (BY MAKING INTERIOR OR ENDPOINT CHANGES TO THE DNA) TO CREATE A NEW DNA STRAND (i.e. a new species) FROM AN EXISING DNA STRAND (i.e. an old species)!!!

Well, end sections of DNA can be deleted, but this is an irrelevant issue, the main issue is making the DNA strand longer and making interior changes.

The next paragraph is the key paragraph in this article, so read it several times before going on:


While one could argue that a DNA strand can be "cut" or "broken" the problem is putting the DNA strand back together while inside of the cell. There is absolutely nothing inside of a cell that can reattach the rails of a broken DNA strand!!! And any addition of nucleotides to a DNA strand and any deletion of nucleotides to a DNA strand (in the interior of the DNA strand) and any change of nucleotides to a DNA strand would require breaking and reattaching the DNA strand. But it is physically impossible to reattach the rails of a DNA strand if the DNA strand has been "cut" or "broken"!! Nor can new sections of DNA be added to the END of a DNA strand. All of this is because there is nothing inside of a cell that can connect or reconnect the rails of a DNA strand!!!!


For example, let us consider moving a single segment of DNA from one location on the DNA to another section of DNA. The would require:
1) two cuts of the rails to remove one section of DNA and
2) one reconnect of the rails to put the DNA (where a section was cut out) back together.
3) one cut of the DNA for where the moved section will be placed
4) two reconnects of the rails where the moved segment is inserted.


In total, three cuts and three reconnects are needed to make each and every one of the millions of changes to a bonobo DNA strand to create human DNA strand!!!

I am not going to talk in depth about every scenario because I am interested in basic concepts. The reader can fill in the gaps.

The key point is that "RECONNECTS" ARE IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE THERE IS NOTHING INSIDE OF A CELL THAT CAN RECONNECT THE RAILS OF A BROKEN DNA STRAND!!!!!

Because of the rail issues there is not a snowballs chance in hell that one DNA strand can physically be changed into a new and improved DNA strand to create a new and improved species!!!!!!!!!

These problems are made far worse by the fact that DNA ALWAYS NEEDS TO BE FOLDED MANY, MANY TIMES, IN ORDER TO FIT INSIDE OF A SMALL CELL, SO THE RAILS MUST BE VERY, VERY, VERY STRONG!!!!

The structure that holds the nucleotides of a DNA strand together (on the sides of the DNA strand) are officially called the "two sugar-phosphate backbones." But they are sometimes called "rails," which is what I will call them because they are far more important in the evolution debate than they are in cell biology classes!!!

While the rails of a DNA strand can be damaged and broken, THE RAILS CANNOT BE PUT BACK TOGETHER IF THEY ARE DAMAGED/BROKEN!!! THIS MEANS THE RAILS CANNOT BE MADE LONGER OR SHORTER to create a new species from an old species!!!!

Every activity requires at least one reconnect (except for deleting an end segment)!!!

Remember, there is nothing inside of a cell that can reconnect a break in the DNA strand.

And even more obvious is that DNA cannot be intelligently changed so that a new DNA strand is created for a new and improved species!!


Expanding On These Concepts

Now consider the claims of the theory of evolution, from the viewpoint of DNA, that life started out as a single living cell and then, over many, many millenia, a progressive number of species evolved from the "first living cell" to human DNA!!!! Given the change in the length of DNA, from the "first living cell" to human DNA, IT WOULD HAVE TAKEN A SEQUENCE OF MORE THAN A MILION INTERMEDIATE SPECIES to go from the "first living cell" to the 3.2 billion nucleotides on a human DNA strand.

Plus, at some point three DNA strands were required for every animal species.

EVERY ONE OF THESE MILLION+ INTERMEDIATE SPECIES WOULD HAVE HAD EXACTLY THE SAME PROBLEMS I AM TALKING ABOUT: DNA CANNOT BE INCREASED IN LENGTH!!! But even a deletion of a segment would require a reconnect.

The reconnect issue is is one of the massive, massive reasons that the theory of evolution cannot be true!!!


Final Comments

While scientists can create DNA and even resequence DNA, they have no clue how to sequence the nucleotides on a DNA strand!!

It should be clear that every DNA strand, for a specific species, on this planet had to be created from scratch by God because the length of DNA cannot be changed by "evolution" (i.e. by accidents).

Now think of DNA as the object code of a computer program (which it is). Could you make random changes to the object code of one computer program and expect to get a new computer program which has new and improved features??

Of course not, but DNA has the added problems of having massive PHYSICAL ISSUES which involve physically changing the sequence of nucleotides on a DNA strand.

DNA is like a computer program but instead of the electronic "bits" of the object code of a computer program, DNA is a physical computer program that involves nucleotides instead of electronic bits.

Furthermore, for the "evolution" of an existing animal into a new and improved animal, the DNA must be made longer on THREE DNA STRANDS (two for the male and one for the female). And this must be done in the same latitude, longitude and timeframe. And for each small step of this imaginary process, these three DNA strands must align with each other (e.g. the same genes are in the same locations on each DNA strand every time the DNA is changed).

So the ENTIRE FOUNDATION of the theory of evolution, after the discovery of DNA, IS BOTH MATHEMATICALLY AND PHYSICALLY FALSE!!! It is mathematically false because changing the DNA of one animal into a superior animal requires changing the sequence of nucleotides on a DNA strand using nothing but blind and dumb accidents. It is physically false because DNA cannot be physically changed and then be put back together after being changed!!

If we assume that human DNA "evolved" from bonobo DNA, MORE THAN A MILLION CHANGES TO BONOBO DNA (E.G. DELETIONS, ADDITIONS AND CHANGES) WOULD HAVE BEEN NEEDED TO CREATE HUMAN DNA FROM BONOBO DNA!!! Yet not a single one of these million plus changes is physically possible because of the rail issue!!!

And it must be done to three DNA strands in the same timeframe, latitude and longitude. And it must be done quickly or things get even more complex and absurd (e.g. getting the right male and right female to find each other)!!!

This problem of evolution is one of the only issues which can compete head-to-head, in terms of disproving evolution, with the "physical creation of DNA" issue, and the "permutation of nucleotides" issues (e.g. "where are the failures of evolution") which are discussed in other articles!!!!!

This is issue is at the very foundation of the theory of evolution - the ability of one species to become a new and improved species!!!


Click the back arrow or if you came to this page by a search engine, click this: Home Page