Changing The Length Of A DNA Strand (And Changing The Sequence Of Nucleotides) By Evolution/Accidents Is Impossible
Meaning One Species Cannot "Evolve" Into Another Species
This article is one of the most important articles on this website relative to the evolution debate as it deals with the heart and soul of the theory of evolution: the claim that one species can "evolve" into a new and improved species. This claim has been made since the days of Darwin and is still the heart and soul of the theory of evolution.
However, with the discovery of DNA in 1953, this claim needs to be re-evaluated!!! Atheists don't believe in God and they don't believe that all living things have spirits. So for the most part this article will assume that spirits do not exist, but in fact life requires a spirit so all living things have a spirit. But spirits will be ignored in this article because we are looking at the claims of the atheists/evolutionists.
With the discovery of DNA, the entire foundation of the theory of evolution has become the claim that the DNA of one species can accidently be changed into the DNA of a new and improved species!!! For example, it might be claimed that humans "evolved" from bonobos, apes or chimpanzees, etc. This article will assume that humans evolved from bonobos, but it doesn't really matter which primate you pick, the concepts are exactly the same.
The "evolution" of bonobos into humans must involve changing the DNA of a bonobo into the DNA of a human (both male and female in the same timeframe and location so they can have offspring). This would include changing the algorithms on DNA that control the cell divisions from a single fertilized egg into a baby (to the extent that DNA controls cell divisions).
And if we consider human evolution all the way back to the "first living cell," there would likely be many thousands of intermediate species between the first living cell and human DNA!!! So the atheists/evolutionists must claim that it is very, very easy for "accidents" to change the DNA of one species into the DNA of a new and improved species.
Every animal, from a mouse to a human being, is created by a single fertilized egg (with a single DNA strand) followed by millions or billions of cell divisions. Thus, to claim that one animal can "evolve" into another animal is EXACTLY THE SAME as saying that one DNA strand can easily be changed into a longer and more sophisticated DNA strand including improving the "computer programs" on DNA (well, "database" would be more accurate) that control cell divisions to create a new species from a single fertilized egg via millions or billions (or trillions in the case of some animals, especially extinct animals) of cell divisions!!!
Well, that is not always true because the length of a DNA strand does not necessarily equate to the complexity of the species it creates via cell divisions. But for the purposes of this article, the exceptions to the general rules will be ignored.
This means that the general rule of evolution is that humans "evolved" from a long sequence of less sophisticated animals (with assumedly much shorter DNA but certainly less sophisticated DNA) into the massively sophisticated DNA of humans today, which are 3.2 billion nucleotide-pairs long!!
In other words, DNA gradually got longer and longer and more and more sophisticated as new species were created by evolution!!!
For example, let us think about human DNA, which is not the longest DNA but it is the most sophisticated DNA because it creates the human brain. Let us borrow some concepts from the home page (the home page as I write this).
The human DNA strand, which is inside the fertilized egg of a new human mother, contains 3.2 billion nucleotides (A, C, G, or T) , which is a computer program that is so sophisticated that a single cell, with a single DNA strand (the DNA strand is seven feet long but it is coiled up to fit inside of a cell that cannot be seen with the naked eye), namely the fertilized egg inside of a mother-to-be, has the intelligence on the DNA to create an entire human baby, via 30 billion cell divisions, who has 30 billion cells and 60,000 miles of blood vessels, etc.
The 60,000 miles of blood vessels in this newborn baby would wrap around the earth at the equator twice, with 10,000 miles of blood vessels left over!!
When the baby is born he or she will have an incredible brain which is connected to a massive nervous system, a skull to protect the brain, a spine to protect the spinal cord (the spinal cord is a cylindrical bundle of nerve fibers), two eyes which are connected to the nervous system, a beating heart, a liver, a pancreas, 300 bones (which eventually fuse into 206 bones), etc. etc.!!
What all of this means is that human DNA, because it is by far the most sophisticated computer program on this planet, is claimed to have "evolved" from the DNA of a sequence of far less sophisticated species, from the "first living cell" to the far less sophisticated DNA of the bonobo (compared to human DNA).
So "evolution" not only has to deal with gradually increasing the length of DNA (in most cases), but it also must deal with gradually increasing the sophistication/intelligence of the algorithms on DNA which control cell divisions (i.e. as animals over time became more and more sophisticated and intelligent).
This article discusses some of the major, major problems with the theory of evolution: in order for humans to have evolved from a first living cell, in thousands of cases (counting all of the species from the first living cell to human DNA), DNA had to become more and more sophisticated (to create a more and more sophisticated species) and the DNA would have gotten longer and longer in most cases.
But as this article will demonstrate, accidents (i.e. evolution) cannot increase the length of a DNA strand. In other words, the length of any DNA strand cannot be increased by the mindless accidents of evolution - period!!!
And just as important, the sequence of nucleotides cannot be changed from bonobo DNA to human DNA!!!
The entire theory of evolution falls apart because of one key concept: if a DNA strand is "cut" (which would be necessary for a DNA strand to be changed) the DNA strand cannot be put back together because there is nothing inside of cells that can intelligently (or stupidly) put a broken DNA strand back together!!!
An Example Of What I Am Talking About
For example, let us assume that male and female Bonobos existed long before humans existed. The atheists might claim that the DNA of a male and female Bonobo (or any other primate you want to think of) were CHANGED into human male DNA and human female DNA. This means they claim that humans "evolved" from the bonobo species.
It also means that a bonobo mother gave birth to a male human baby and the same bonobo mother (or a different bonobo mother) gave birth to a female human baby.
However, the first male human (which came from a bonobo mother) and the first female human baby (which came from the same or a different bonobo mother), had to exist in the same latitude, longitude, and within a very short timeframe, so the new male and female human could mate with each other!!!
But there is more. In nature the bonobo couple might have killed their funny-looking, "defective" (defective from their prespective) human babies!!! But we will assume they do not kill either of them (remember two different bonobo couples may be involved so if either couple killed their human baby there would be no humans).
So how does the DNA of a bonobo (or any other primate you want to think of) CHANGE into the DNA of a human being (which is where we need to get if evolution and accidents are true)?? Remember, Darwin knew nothing about DNA.
For this exercise, we will assume the DNA of a human is significantly longer than the DNA of a bonobo. It probably is, but it doesn't matter for this discussion.
Also remember that every new animal species requires four DNA strands:
Note that the two male sperm cells could have come from two different males. Ditto for the two famale ovums.
Everything that will be said below applies to all four bonobo to human DNA strands which must be created in the same latitude, longitude and timeframe!!!
So latitude, longitude and "timing" (i.e. in the same generation) and sequence of "beneficial errors to DNA" (to create a superior species) to create humans must be synchronized in the same generation so mating will result in human offspring.
I should also note that males have many sperm cells, but it is only possible (well, it is not possible) to convert two of them into human DNA, so the only two human DNA sperm cells must impregnate a bonobo ovum (which was changed into a human ovum).
And don't forget, the two new DNA strands of the bonobo mother (with two human DNA strands) and the two DNA strands of the father (with two human DNA strands) must align with each other as the two bonobos are "getting ready" to have a male and female human baby.
It would be much easier for "evolution" to do this in one generation because when more than one generation are needed, things get really, really complicated!!! But one generation is good enough for the purposes of this article, but not in the real world.
The Physical Problems Begin
Before going on type this into Google: dna structure
DNA looks like a very long ladder. The sides of the ladder are called "rails." The rails are conected to each other by a pair of nucleotides. There are four types of nucleotides: A, C, G, T.
An 'A' (Adenine) and a 'T' (Thymine) are always paired together and a 'C' (Cytosine) and a 'G' (Guanine) are always paired together to connect the rails together.
So what physical problems does evolution have when converting bonobo DNA into human DNA???
The problem is that the DNA of a Bonobo (as one example) cannot "evolve" into human DNA because the DNA rails of bonobo DNA cannot be physically broken or reconnected, nor can they be reconnected to a segment at the end-points of a DNA strand!!!
Well, bonobo DNA (or the DNA of any other species) cannot be physically changed in any way (except that the endpoints can be deleted) while the DNA is inside of a cell!!
But the key is that segments of DNA cannot be inserted into a DNA strand because if the DNA strand is broken in even one place, the DNA strand is useless!!!
While we frequently talk about the statistical problems with DNA, we are now adding the physical problems associated with changing one DNA strand into a new and improved DNA strand.
Here are the two key reasons why the DNA of one species (i.e. bonobo) cannot be changed into the DNA of a new and improved species (i.e. humans):
Note: all changes which are talked about are related to the interior of the DNA strand unless otherwise specified:
1) It is physically impossible for the DNA of one species to be made longer than what it normally is!!! This would require breaking the DNA strand and inserting a new DNA segment. While DNA can be broken, it cannot be put back together, especially with a new segment being inserted.
I should note at this point that no cell on this planet has "extra" DNA floating around inside the cell waiting for an oportunity to be inserted into the DNA strand in order to increase the length of the DNA strand!!!
There are no extra nucleotides and no extra DNA segments inside of any cell which are "waiting" to be inserted into the DNA strand or at the endpoints!!!
So where do the new segments (whether to increase the length of the bonobo DNA strand or to make some improvement to this DNA), come from??
2) It is physically impossible to extract existing sections of DNA from the interior of a DNA strand, however, it is possible to delete sections of DNA at the end of a DNA strand. To extract a segment of DNA would require the DNA to be broken in two places and then for the DNA to be reconnected!!!
Both of these options would be needed millions of times to convert bonobo DNA into human DNA. In fact, THE MILLIONS OF CHANGES TO THE BONOBO DNA WOULD BE NEEDED ON 4 BONOBO DNA STRANDS to create the four new human DNA strands from four bonobo DNA strands!!!!
By the way, this article will not dig into the issue of how many different kinds of cells bonobos have versus how many different kinds of cells humans need in order to come into existence. I am sure that many bonobo cell types would not be useful for humans!!! Each species has a unique set of cell types.
And all of this (i.e. millions of changes to four bonobo DNA strands) must be done in one generation!!! Why must these things must be done in one generation?? To do this in multiple generations a person would run into massive problems with "subsets" of changes to four bonobo DNA strands!!!!
Must All Of This Happen In One Generation???
If the MILLIONS of changes to four bonobo DNA strands took more than one generation, let us say ten generations, the alignment issues caused by different subsets of changes, over multiple generations, make what I have already said seem simple!!!
The reason is that each subset of changes, for potentially millions of changes to each of four different bonobo DNA strands, makes the statistics of converting bonobo DNA into human DNA massively worse beyond imagination!!!
You definitely don't want to get into the mathematical topic of combinatorics!!!
So all of this MUST happen in one generation!!!
Summary Of Inserting A New DNA Segment
With the above things clearly in your mind we can simplify all of this.
To insert a new segment of DNA into a DNA strand requires:
Now consider the claims of the theory of evolution, from the viewpoint of DNA, that life started out as a single living cell and then, over many, many millenia, a progressive number of species evolved from the "first living cell" to human DNA!!!! Given the change in the length of DNA, from the "first living cell" to human DNA, IT WOULD HAVE TAKEN A SEQUENCE OF MANY THOUSDANDS OF INTERMEDIATE SPECIES to go from the "first living cell" to the 3.2 billion nucleotides on a human DNA strand. Well, it depends on what the average increase in length is assumed to be.
Now consider this: there have been TEN MILLION animal species on this planet, but only one million of them still exist. That is FORTY MILLION DNA strands just for animals.
You can kiss the theory of evolution goodbye!!!
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