Why the Confusion About Evolution?
This article is a short version of some of the chapters in the 250+ page book: Patterns of Intelligence which is free and is on this website. This article is for those who want to quickly understand the basic concepts of the deceptive definitions used by the scientific establishment to get converts to atheism.
Because the atheists/evolutionists have zero scientific evidence that accidents can create new and improved DNA (i.e. "evolution"), they have to "invent" evidence for the theory of evolution. One of the ways they do this is to use deceptive definitions, which is what this article is about.
The deceptions revolve around technical terms which should be precisely defined, but instead are intentionally obfuscated to deceive people into believing there is evidence for the theory of evolution.
As if that weren't bad enough, students and teachers don't have a clue how several key terms should be defined after the discovery of DNA because they have never seen these terms properly defined. It is the blind leading the blind and both can be carefully led into the ditch by the scientific establishment. Of course, that is the goal of the atheists!!
The truth is that this article could not have been written until 1953, when DNA was discovered. Thus, from the time of Darwin's first book, the fact that what he observed was not true evolution could not be proven until the discovery of DNA in 1953!!!
Without any tangible evidence for their theories (other than their very vivid imaginations), scientists have had to resort to deceptive definitions to create "evidence" for the theory of evolution.
So let's get started with a discussion of deceptive definitions.
Let us start with a valid definition:
A "species" is defined to be a single-celled organism, a multi-celled plant or multi-celled animal which has a unique RNA or DNA structure.
In other words, a "species" is defined by its unique DNA or RNA structure!!! Likewise, a unique DNA or RNA structure defines a unique "species."
In short: a unique DNA strand defines a unique "species" and a unique "species" is defined by its unique DNA strand.
How simple can it get!!
The concept of "unique species" and "unique DNA structure" (i.e. the number and function of genes, the length of DNA, etc.) should mean exactly the same thing. It makes perfect sense to define "unique species" by a "unique DNA" structure. Duh!!
But if scientists did that, the theory of evolution would fall apart!!! There would be zero evidence for the theory of evolution because no one has ever observed a new DNA structure (i.e. a new "species") form by accident!!!
Thus, it is necessary for the atheists and evolutionists to use ambiguous or deceptive definitions for the term "species" and other terms in order to invent evidence for the theory of evolution.
For example, here is what a very famous evolutionist, Ernest Mayr, said about why evolutionists do not have a definition for the term "species." If you are not confused as you read this you are not paying attention!!
Have you ever heard such nonsense?? Why would the term "species" be tied to "geographically distributed populations" or "typological species concept" or "biological species concept," etc. Good grief, what is wrong with these people!!
Note that in this long quote he still couldn't come up with a definition of species!! Nor did he mention DNA!!
Why don't these people simply define a "species" with reference to a "unique DNA structure"?? They act as if DNA had never been discovered!!
They are intentionally ambiguous because to tell the truth would destroy their craft!! They must obfuscate their terminology and appear to be sophisticated and educated. But more importantly, they don't want their students to figure out what is going on.
As the reader can tell the scientific establishment doesn't even have a standard definition of "species." This gives them the flexibility to create very clever and deceptive definitions!!
In fact, millions of unique RNA or DNA structures (i.e. millions of unique "species") would have to have been created purely by accident (i.e. by evolution) if evolution were true. Most of them would not be our ancestors.
But randomness is never perfect by definition. In order to create millions of DNA strands by accidents, many trillions of mutated plants and animals would be created by evolution (i.e. the "failures of randomness"). Such failures do not exist.
Since there is zero evidence for finding the billions and trillions of failures of mutated DNA strands creating mutated plants and animals that could not survive, the evolutionists have a major problem. How do they get around this problem? Obviously by using deceptions.
So how does a "new DNA structure" get created by evolution?? It must be created purely by accidents, because evolution claims there is no God to design or create DNA or to control evolution. In fact, the term "evolution" itself implies there is no God so evolutionists deny that God could have controlled evolution.
A new DNA strand cannot created by accident, it is statistically impossible as any statistician would admit. So the next best thing is to use deception.
So let us start looking at the key definitions.
The Definition of "Species"
Let us first define the term "species."
A "species" has, by definition, a unique DNA structure. In other words, the term "unique DNA structure" and "unique species" (or just "species") should mean exactly the same thing.
Who would complain about that??? Wouldn't it make perfect sense to define a "unique species" or "species" by its "unique DNA structure?" For example, a horse and a dog have different DNA structures, but a Collie (dog) and a German Shepherd (dog) both have the same DNA structure so why not put a Collie and German Shepherd into the same "species?" And in fact, most people do put them in the same "species" of "dog."
In many cases, breeders and Mother Nature have created many new variations of a species. In fact, many varieties of dogs were carefully bred by dog breeders. But a dog is a dog. But there are many variations or varieties of "dogs."
When a new "breed" of dog is created, either by Nature or a dog breeder, it should be called microevolution.
The term microevolution therefore means: "variety within the same species" or "breed."
Now let us suppose that evolution was true. What term shall we use when a new "species" is created by evolution from an old (i.e. existing) "species?"
By definition, when a "new DNA structure" (a new "species") is created by a series of accidents (e.g. evolution), the term that should be used is macroevolution. The term macroevolution and the terms: "new species" and "new DNA structure" and "evolution" should all mean exactly the same thing.
The problem should be solved. We now have a term for a new breed (microevolution) and a term for a new species which is created from an existing species, meaning a new and unique DNA structure is formed by accident from a previously existing unique DNA structure (macroevolution).
Problem solved, end of story. Well, not quite. These definitions are not acceptable to the atheists and evolutionists!!
Here is the problem. If we defined these terms in this way, the atheists and evolutionists would have ZERO scientific evidence for the theory of evolution!!!
So the atheists and evolutionists don't like to use the above definitions.
In other words, if biologists used these perfectly logical definitions, the theory of evolution would have to be thrown into the trash can because scientists have NEVER, NEVER, NEVER observed a new DNA structure form by a series of accidents, meaning by "evolution."
The theory of evolution would die on the spot if the above definitions were used!!! Thus, the atheists and evolutionists make-up their own definitions.
The Deceptive Definitions Begin
The main tactics of deception the evolutionists use involve very tricky definitions. The three key terms which must be understood to unravel the deceptions of the evolution establishment are the terms: "species," "microevolution" and macroevolution, which have all been defined and introduced above.
If you can unravel their deceptions the theory of evolution falls apart into a heap of scientific rubbish.
The problem for the evolutionists is that there is absolutely zero scientific evidence that macroevolution has occurred a single time on this planet.
But microevolution is observed all the time.
So what the evolutionists do is use examples of microevolution and claim they are examples of "evolution," meaning macroevolution
Let me repeat that because it is such an important concept.
Macroevolution is mathematically impossible because it involves an improved DNA structure which is mathematically impossible if you understand the mathematics of permutations, which I will not get into (my first college degree was in mathematics).
The first key deception used by the scientific establishment is to claim that the terms microevolution and macroevolution mean the same thing.
This is absurd because microevolution does NOT lead to a new "species" (i.e. a new DNA structure), but macroevolution, by definition, does lead to a new and improved DNA structure.
The second key deception is to claim that "lots and lots" of examples of microevolution lead to examples of macroevolution.
This is also absurd because even if you had 100 consecutive examples of microevolution you would not change the structure of the DNA, thus you would still not have an example of macroevolution.
The third key deception is to claim that there really is no difference between microevolution and macroevolution. This is equally absurd because one version changes the DNA structure and one does not.
Note: at this point I will quit color-coding the terms microevolution and macroevolution, so pay attention to which term is being used.
A Case Study of Deception
As an example of deception, let us look at a book by Richard Dawkins. Richard Dawkins is arguably the word's most famous atheist/evolutionist. He said this:
What he says is typical of the atheists and evolutionists. They love to obfuscate the definitions of microevolution and macroevolution in order to convince their students that they are the same thing.
By doing this they can totally ignore the terms microevolution and macroevolution because they claim they mean the same thing!!!
The fourth key deception of the scientific establishment is to observe examples of microevolution, but tell the students they have seen examples of "evolution" (i.e. macroevolution). They do this so their students will not know the difference between microevolution and macroevolution.
Why is this so important?? The reason is that when students hear that a scientist has seen an example of "evolution" they immediately think of Darwin. And when they think about Darwin they think about atheism because Darwin was openly atheistic.
So in other words, when a student hears that there is evidence for "evolution" they immediately think there is a proof that there is no God (i.e. atheism is true). The real goal of evolutionists is not in any way related to science; it is to get converts to atheism!! That is their motive for deception!!
All they have to do to get converts to atheism is to observe an example of microevolution (which is easy to do) and claim to their students that they have observed an example of macroevolution or "evolution."
For example, let me go back to Richard Dawkins.
An Example of Deception Using Bacteria
On pages 116-133 of his book: The Greatest Show on Earth, Dawkins talks about a very sophisticated and long-lasting set of experiments at Michigan State University designed by Dr. Richard Lenski. Indeed, I totally agree it was a very impressive set of experiments!!
These experiments involved the Escherichia coli bacteria, better known as the E. coli bacteria.
Dawkins calls these experiments "... a beautiful demonstration of evolution in action." (page 117) Note his use of the term "evolution."
In 1988, Dr. Lenski and his team started the experiments by putting a specific type of E. coli in 12 different flasks. A certain amount of "food" was put in each flask and every day a certain percentage of the surviving bacteria were taken out of the flask and put in a newly cleaned flask.
The purpose of the experiment was to watch how the size, eating habits, etc. of the bacteria changed over time in 12 isolated flasks. The changes in the 12 flasks were independent of each other because the bacteria were never moved from one of the 12 flasks to a different flask.
For more than 20 years, by the time Dawkins wrote his book, this experiment had been continuously going on every day (and it may still be going on).
All 12 of these groups of bacteria, over the years, increased in body size via natural selection (i.e. survival of the fittest), which in this case was an example of microevolution. There were never any new genes or new DNA segments, only changed nucleotides (a "mutation" or "change" of a nucleotide, in this case, but never a new gene) during cell division. No DNA structure ever changed, meaning these experiments were examples of microevolution.
One of the twelve "tribes" (as Dawkins called them) even gained the ability to digest citrate (which is related to the substance that makes lemons sour) as if it was glucose. But as of press time, none of the other "tribes" was able to digest citrate.
The ability to digest citrate required a sequence of two specific mutations (i.e. change of a nucleotide), rather than just one mutation, which is why only one group coincidently developed this trait.
At no time was a new gene discovered, only mutations to specific nucleotides were detected.
Here is my point: in the eighteen pages Dawkins talked about these experiments, he used the terms: evolution, evolutionary, evolutionist, evolving, evolve, or evolved: 47 times!!
He never used the terms "microevolution" or "macroevolution!!"
So what is wrong with him using a form of the term "evolution" so many times?
In the entire experiment there was never, never, never any new (i.e. additional) genetic material. There were no new genes, meaning there was no new DNA structure. No new species of bacteria were created. No macroevolution was observed.
So if no macroevolution was observed, why did Mr. Dawkins use variations of the term "evolution" so many times? And why did he think this experiment was an example of "evolution?" Because he was an atheist and he wanted to glorify Darwin and get converts to atheism.
Remember, in order for "evolution" to have created human DNA from the "first living cell," then many thousands of times "new genetic information" or "new genetic material" (i.e. new genes) had to form in our ancestor species (i.e. creating the assumed thousands of species, each with one or more new genes, on the phylogenetic tree that are between the "first living cell" and human DNA as claimed by evolution).
Each new species must have at least one new gene, by definition (or it is not a new species)!!
No one observed any new genetic material during the Lenski experiments!! But microevolution was clearly observed because of "mutations" (in this context the term "mutation" simply means a nucleotide was changed to a different nucleotide so technically it was nothing but microevolution).
In other words, the experiments had absolutely nothing to do with macroevolution, which is true evolution. Every discovery made in the study was nothing but microevolution in action.
Guess how many times Dawkins used the term "microevolution" in these pages or in his entire book? The answer was obviously zero.
In fact, if you look at the Index at the back of the book, there is not even a listing for the terms: microevolution or macroevolution!!
And that is precisely my point. Examples from "microevolution" were shown, but variations of the term "evolution" (which implies macroevolution) were constantly used instead of the term "microevolution," which is the only thing that was observed!!
This example is typical of the approach of evolutionists. They use examples from microevolution to push the term "evolution" which students assume means "macroevolution," which is the only true evolution. It is nothing but a fraudulent deception.
All evolutionists and most scientists use the term "evolution" instead of the more accurate term "microevolution," as Dawkins did. That is precisely why they want to do away with the terms microevolution and macroevolution.
Ponder this next statement over and over:
Evolutionists use examples from microevolution, but they use the term "evolution" instead of microevolution. But when the general public hears that scientists have proven "evolution" (i.e. which was really microevolution), they think that scientists have proven Darwin was right and that human DNA "evolved" from the "first living cell" and that God does not exist. But this would require proving that macroevolution is very, very common, but macroevolution has never been observed or proven to have happened a single time!!
But this deceptive tactic is a good way to get converts to atheism!!
In fact, even if true evolution were observed it does not in any way imply that God does not exist. Why could not God exist and a rare example of macroevolution exist? It is logical nonsense to claim a very rare example of macroevolution is a proof that God does not exist!!
The concept of macroevolution is purely a mathematical probability on Earth and has absolutely nothing to do with the probability of God existing in the Universe.
In short, by using deceptive definitions, students believe that Adam and Eve never existed and that God does not exist by the simple tactic of using very clever and very deceptive definitions plus pretending that if there were an example of macroevolution, it would prove there is no God!!
But the truth is that there has never been an example of macroevolution being observed. Never!! It is almost statistically impossible. And it certainly is impossible for advanced species.
Because there are an unlimited number of times that scientists have observed microevolution, or could easily observe microevolution, they have an unlimited number of opportunities to deceive and lie to their students that there is "evidence" for the theory of evolution.
The theory of evolution is nothing but a lie combined with bad logic.
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